Friday, 6 August 2010

progresses, processions and magnificent festivities



About this time Frederic Ulric, son of the Duke of Brunswick, arrived in England, and made a Tour to various places in this country. When in London, he was lodged and entertained by his cousin Prince Henry; and on the 20th of April, the two Princes, 'accompanied with the Duke of Lennox, the Earle of Arundell, and others, came privatly to the Tower, and caused a great Lion to be put into the yard, and four Doggs at a course to be set upon him; and they all fought with him instantly, saving such as at their first comming into the yard in their fury fell upon one another, because they saw none else with whom to fight, for the Lion kept close to the trap-doore at the further end of the yard. These were choise Dogs, and flue al at the Lion's head, whereat the Lion became enraged, and furiously bit divers Dogges by the head and throat, holding their heads and necks in his mouth, as a cat would hould a rat, and with his clawes he tore their flesh extreamly; al which notwithstanding, many of them would not let go their hould, untill they were utterly spoiled. After divers courses and spoyle of divers Doggs, and great likelihood of spoile of more, which yet lay tugging with the Lyon, for whose rescue there entred in three stout Beare-wards, and set a lustie Dogge upon the mouth of the Lyon; and the last Dog got ful hould of the Lion's tung, puld it out of his mouth, held it fast, that the Lyon neither bitte him nor any other; whereupon it was generally imagined that these Doggs would instantly spoile the Lyon, he being now out of breath, and bard from biting; and although there were now but three Doggs upon him, yet they vexed him sore; whereupon the above mentioned young lusty Lyon and Lyonesse were both put out together, to see if they would rescue the third, but they would not, but fearfully gazed upon the Doggs. Then two or three of the worst Doggs, which had left the first Lion, ran upon them, chased them up and down the yard, seeking by all means to avoyd the Doggs; and so soone as their trap-doore was open they both ran hastily into their den, and a Dog that pursued them ranne in with them, where all three, like good friends, stood very peacably without any manner of violence eyther to other; and then the three Beare-wardes came bouldly in againe, and tooke off all the Doggs but one from the Lyon, and carried them away. The Lyon having fought long, and his tongue torne, lay staring and panting a pretie while, so as all the behoulders thought hee had been utterly spoiled and spent; and upon a sodaine gazed upon that Dog which remained, and so soone as hee had spoiled him, espying the trap-doore open ranne hastilie into his den, and there never ceast walking up and downe, to and fro, untill he had brought himselfe into his former temperature.

The 23rd of June, the King, Queen, and Prince, the Lady Elizabeth, and the Duke of Yorke, with divers great Lords, and manie others, came to the Tower to see a triall of the Lyon's single valour against a great fierce Beare, which had kild a child that was negligently left in the beare-house. This fierce Beare was brought into the open yard behind the Lyon's den, which was the place for fight; then was the great Lyon put forth, who gazed awhile, but never offred to assault or approch the Beare; then were two mastife dogs put in, who past by the Beare, and boldly seazed upon the Lyon; then was a stone-horse put into the same yard, who suddenly scented and saw bothe the Beare and Lyon, and very carelesly grazed in the middle of the yard between them both: and then were sixe dogs put in, the most whereof at first seazed upon the Lyon, but then sodainly left him, and seazed upon the horse, and would have werryed him to death, but that three stout beare-wards, even as the King wished, came boldly in, and rescued the horse, by taking the dogs off one by one, whilest the Lyon and Beare stared uppon them, and so went forth with their dogs; then was that Lyon suffered to go into his den againe, which he endeavored to have done long before; and then were divers other Lyons put into that place, one after another, but they shewed no more sport nor valour than the first, and every of them so soone as they espied the trap-doores open, ran hastily to their dens; then, lastly, there were put forth together two young lustie Lyons, which were bred in that yard, and were now grown great: these at first began to march proudly towardes the Beare, which the Beare perceiving, came hastily out of a corner to meet them, and sodainly offred to fight with the Lyon, but both Lyon and Lyonesse skipt up and downe, and fearefully fled from the Beare, and so these, like the former Lyons, not willing to endure any fight, sought the next way into their denne. And the fifth of July, according to the King's commandment, this Beare was bayted to death upon a stage, and unto the mother of the murthered child was given twenty pounds out of part of that money which the people gave to see the Beare kild.

The Progresses etc of King James the First Vol. II.

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